Breast cancer is a common women’s health problem which is influential at the female breasts. In this case the cancerous effect is associated with the breast cells of the affected female. Though there are several types of breast cancer in women, the most common condition is mild duct cancer which is scientifically known as ‘ductal carcinoma’. It is recorded that breast cancer is the second most common kind of cancer recorded in female after Skin cancer. Though the condition may seem to be women specific it may also occur in men; nevertheless it is more frequently recorded in women than men.
Breast cancer awareness and funding for researches has helped to reduce the rate of breast cancer associated deaths with improved diagnosis as well as treatment for the condition. The rate of death due to this condition is also declining with early detection of the condition.
Symptoms of breast cancer:
There are several physical anomalies which may serve to be breast cancer symptoms. Some of the common indications may include.
-Development of lump on the breast or thickening of surrounding tissue which may appear to be different from other
-Unusual discharge from the nipples, especially bloody discharge
-Anomalous change in shape and/ or size of the breast
-Dimpling of breast skin and other irregular changes
-Nipples becoming inverted
-Breast skin or nipples flaking, peeling or scaling
-Skin pitting at the breast region, such as in case of orange skin
-Redness of the skin
-Breast Pitting in Cancer
Though there are chances that these symptoms may also be due to any conventional condition or mild indications it is always better to determine the underlying factor. Taking any such physical changes may cause the condition to aggravate and if the condition is serious it may also lead to death. See a doctor immediately if you suspect any breast changes.
Causes of breast cancer:
It is still not determined exactly what causes breast cancer. However, experts have determined that when some breast cells start to grow anomalously there are chances of breast cancer to occur. These cells are known to multiply rapidly as compared to other healthy cells. These anomalous cells accumulate and may form a cancerous tumor. This tumor may also metastasize to other body parts.
It is studied that breast cancer usually starts at cells in the duct that produces milk. This condition is known as invasive ductal carcinoma. In other case the condition may also onset by affecting the milk gland known as lobules; in this case the breast cancer may also be referred to as invasive lobular carcinoma. Though experts have identified risk which may increase your chances of breast cancer, there are people who suffer from breast cancer even due to no risk factors, and medical science has now answers for this. It is also believed that breast cancer may be highly associated with genetic factors as well as environmental factors.
Hereditary breast cancer:
Experts also estimate that approximately 5% to 10% of all breast cancer cases are associated with mutation of the gene passed generation after generation in the family. There are a number of defective genes that have been identified to be possible cause of inherited breast cancer. BRCA1 or Breast Cancer Gene 1 and BRCA2 or Breast Cancer Gene 2, are the two commonly found defective genes in case of inherited breast cancer. You should be extra cautious if you have a family history of any form of cancer. Meet your doctor regularly and undergo checkup to determine prevalence of any underlying diseases. Genetic experts would help you confirmedly determine if you have any cancer.
Breast cancer tests and diagnosis:
As it is known that determining the prevalence of cancer timely and effectively would help you in getting rid of the condition faster; hence, it is essential to diagnose yourself. Here are some common diagnosing techniques that may be suggested to you by your doctor.
Breast cancer exam:
Your doctor will check for lumps or other anomalies in the breast. There are chances that your doctor will check your breast in different postures such as hand raised or head being turned.