Osteoarthritis of knee, a degenerative joint disease is one of the prevalent types of Osteoarthritis. arthritis It can be considered as the gradual degeneration of the hyaline cartilage in the knee joints causing unbearable knee pain. Cartilage, a rigid yet slippery tissue is responsible for the gliding of bones over one another. It acts as a cushion between the joints of the knee.
Adults, especially women above 50 years of age are more likely to develop this painful disease. It is also prevalent among those who play intense sport like soccer, football. In most cases, this disease occurs as either hereditary or post-traumatic issue.
Osteoarthritis of knee symptoms:
This disease develops symptoms slowly over a period of time. The primary symptoms of the related to this degenerative disease are;
* Prolonged pain in the inner part of the knee
* Stiffness of the joint which lessens with movement
* Decreased motion range of knees
* Swelling of the knee joint due to the increase in synovial fluid quantity
* Knee movement accompanied by a cracking noise.
These symptoms can be effectively managed through early diagnosis and medication procedure.
Osteoarthritis of the knee – Causes:
It is evident that knee osteoarthritis, probably occurs due to the breakdown of articular cartilage of the knee. This disease can be caused any previous knee injury such as fractures, ligament trauma, and dislocation of the knee or tear of the meniscus. It can also occur due to obesity, repetitive strain on the knee joint or subchondral bone problem- a layer beneath the cartilage. Due to hereditary factors, people are likely to show the signs of the painful joint disease.
Osteoarthritis of knee – Diagnosis:
Physical inspection of the joints and X-rays are highly beneficial in the diagnosis of osteoarthritis. The X-ray of the knee joint enables the doctor to clearly view the narrowing of the joint space. An MRI scan is required in certain special cases which can be interpreted only through detailed imaging. The condition of the knee can also be viewed with the help of Arthroscopic knee surgery.
Treatment for Osteoarthritis of Knee:
osteoarthritis of knee
The treatment for this knee joint disease typically slows the development of the disease.
* Medication of NSAIDs like ibuprofen drug is used to achieve temporary pain relief from knee joints.
An overweight person can develop osteoarthritis easily as obesity is one of the major causes of this disease. In order to slow down the impact of this disease, it is necessary to reduce weight.
* knee support or braces are extremely beneficial to lessen the load on the medial compartment thereby reducing the pain to a great extent.
The heat and cold massaging technique greatly helps to relieve pain of the knee joints.
* knee replacement surgery is used as the last resort in the treatment of osteoarthritis, when a non-surgical technique fails to provide relief from pain.
Exercises for Osteoarthritis of the Knee:
Doing exercise is the best way to treat the Osteoarthritis of knee without any side effects. It helps to strengthen the muscles near the joint to provide a firm support. You can do simple and low impact aerobic exercises like jogging, walking, stretching, riding bikes or swimming. You can hire a professional trainer, who can help you with your exercise.